Kestrel

Kestrel

This kestrel using a high twig as a lookout post to watch for prey. Shortly after this shot was taken, the bird saw off an encroaching buzzard.

Mosses

Moss

Mosses grow on all sorts of apparently difficult environments. The ones pictured here were growing on the tops of walls beside a busy main road.

The stalks on the moss pictured above are supporting the spore pods.

Moss

Mallard drake

Mallard drake

This male bird coping with the ice on the West Park pool at the weekend, showing the rich colours of his plumange.

Dabchick preening

Dabchick preening

This little grebe paused to give its feathers a good cleaning after swimming in convoy with a couple of mallards (below).

Little grebe and mallards

Blackbird

Blackbird

Thanks to reliable bird feeders, this male blackbird has kept well fed through the recent hard spell.

Fieldfare

Fieldfare

A member of the thrush family which flies south to Britain for the easier living in the winter.

Fieldfares normally come into urban areas only when conditions get harsh – here to feast on a rotting apple left out for birds. Understandably, the bird was more concerned with eating than with showing itself off at a good angle.

Shrivelled rosehip

Shrivelled rosehip

Even before the present big freeze, most of the berries left were as inedible as this rosehip.

Urban birds are going to be even more dependent than ever on food put out in feeders and on bird tables.